The TradeRx Report

The TradeRx Report explores questions of access to affordable medicines and health care that arise at the intersection of intellectual property law and international trade – including under TRIPS, the Comprehensive & Progressive Agreement for Trans-Pacific Partnership (CPTPP), the US-Mexico-Canada Agreement (USMCA), the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP), and various bilateral agreements. Texas A&M School of Law wishes to thank the Association for Accessible Medicines (AAM) for providing an unrestricted grant to support the operation of the TradeRx Report. AAM has agreed not to demand or exercise any editorial control, direction, or influence over the contents of the TradeRx Report.

The opinions expressed in the TradeRx Report are those of the authors and do not necessarily represent the views of any of the sponsoring organizations or the moderator. TradeRX Report does not contain any legal advice whatsoever. This blog is for informational purposes only, and its publication does not create an attorney-client relationship or constitute a solicitation for business. All posts on TradeRX Report should be double-checked for their accuracy and current applicability.

Site Moderation

Swaraj Paul Barooah

TradeRx Report Moderator

Swaraj Paul Barooah is a consultant on international IP law and policy, and managing editor at SpicyIP where he has served in various capacities since 2007.
His areas of interest have centered around IP, Innovation and Information policy, with particular focus on issues relating to access to knowledge, access to medicines, pharmaceutical innovation incentive mechanisms, digital freedoms, open access, education, health and development. Some of his recent publications include the chapter Digital Divide and Access to Medicines: The Debate, in the book “Intellectual Property Law and Access to Medicines: TRIPS Agreement, Health and Pharmaceuticals”, and the paper Protecting and Preserving Zorig Chusum: An IP Based Analysis (co-authored), in the inaugural “Journal of Gross National Happiness and Law”. He has taught courses on international IP law and policy as a visiting lecturer for LLB and LLM students at various universities across India. He has also served as a resource person for refresher courses in IP for law professors. Earlier, he was the policy director at a leading global south internet policy think tank, as well as the executive vice president at a non-profit that worked on improving access and diversity in the Indian legal ecosystem by empowering underprivileged students to access legal education. He has degrees in law from Nalsar University of Law, Hyderabad, and University of California, Berkeley.

Michael Palmedo

TradeRx Report Moderator

Michael Palmedo directs interdisciplinary research on intellectual property at American University (AU) Washington College of Law’s Program on Information Justice and Intellectual Property. His research focuses on the empirical evaluation of the impact of changes to patent and copyright laws. He recently completed the Shamnad Basheer IP/ Trade Fellowship at Texas A&M University, where he researched pharmaceutical industry influence into the U.S. government’s Special 301 Review. Palmedo holds a Master’s Degree in International Affairs from AU’s School of International Service, and he is currently an economics Ph.D. candidate at AU’s College of Arts and Sciences.

Srividhya Ragavan

TradeRx Report Coordinator & Advisor

Professor of Law and Director of India Programs,Texas A&M University School of Law

Srividhya Ragavan is a Professor of Law at the Texas A&M University School of Law and the Faculty Director of the School’s India Program. Ragavan is attached to the Center for Learning Intellectual Property Rights. Ragavan’s research emphasizes issues relating to international trade law and intellectual property rights. Ragavan’s monograph Patents and Trade Disparities in Developing Countries was published by the Oxford University Press. Ragavan’s co-edited book with Irene Calboli titled Diversity in Intellectual property was published by Cambridge University Press. She has authored numerous papers, law reviews and book chapters on a variety of issues relating to intellectual property law, traditional knowledge, pharmaceutical patenting and agricultural subsidies. Sri Ragavan has been regularly featured in op-eds in several Indian media such as Hindu Business Line, The Hindu, DNA, LiveMint and also the All India Radio. She has also represented in support of India’s position involving access to medication issues with the US International Trade Commission and at the Office of the US Trade Representative. Sri Ragavan was also a recipient of the GIAN Grant from the Ministry of Human Resource, Government of India. Sri Ragavan’s work can be found in the SSRN and BePress Page. Sri Ragavan also thanks the PESCA grant funding which helped with her forthcoming book titled Intellectual Property Law and Access to Medicine: TRIPS Agreement, Health, and Pharmaceuticals (Amaka Vanni ed., Routledge Press, forthcoming 2021), which in turn, helped put together materials on trade and pharmaceuticals.

Srividhya was attached with the National Law School of India University, Bangalore in 2011 as the Fulbright Nehru CORE Scholar. In 2013, Srividhya became a Fulbright Specialist for the South Asia Region and was associated with the Jawaharlal Nehru Center for Advanced Scientific Studies in Bangalore. In 2017, Ragavan received the GIAN (Global Initiative of Academic Networks) Grant from the Ministry of Human Resource, Government of India.

Ragavan graduated with a BA. LLB (Honors) from the National Law School of India University in Bangalore where she was a merit certificate holder. Further, Ragavan received the Overseas Development Agency Shared Scholarship Scheme (ODASS Scholarship) administered by the Administration of Commonwealth Universities to pursue her LL.M from King’s College, University of London. Later, Ragavan completed her SJD from the George Washington University Law School. Ragavan was the First Texas Instruments Visiting Scholar at the Center for Advanced Study & Research on Intellectual Property at the University of Washington at Seattle.

Doris Estelle Long

TradeRx Report Advisor

Professor Emeritus of Law and Former Director of the Center for Intellectual Property, Information and Privacy Law at UIC John Marshall Law School in Chicago, Illinois.

Doris Estelle Long is a Professor Emeritus of Law and Former Director of the Center for Intellectual Property, Information and Privacy Law at UIC John Marshall Law School in Chicago, Illinois. She specializes in domestic and international intellectual property law and its intersections with trade, technology, culture and information security.  Doris has taught in eleven countries, including serving as a Fulbright Professor at Jiao Tung University in Shanghai, and continues to teach courses at UIC John Marshall, at other U.S. universities, and abroad, including most recently in Britain, Australia and the Czech Republic.  Her current research projects focus on domestic and international access to medicines, smart law and intellectual property, and information security.

In 2000 Doris served as an Attorney Advisor in the Office of Legislative and International Affairs of the USPTO where she helped negotiate the IPR Enforcement Sections of the Jordan Free Trade Agreement (among others), participated in various bilateral consultations, and had responsibility for international IP enforcement issues, including TRIPS compliance, and WTO accessions.   She has continued to serve as a consultant on IPR protection and enforcement issues for diverse U.S. and foreign government agencies and companies, including most recently in Ethiopia, Botswana, China and the Philippines.

Doris is the author of numerous books and articles in the area of intellectual property law, and a columnist on international intellectual property law for the Chicago Daily Law Bulletin. Her recent articles include Seven Roadblocks to Establishing Sustainable Innovation Policies for Pharmaceuticals Post-TRIPS and Mapping the New Geographies of IP Rights in the 21st Century.  Many of her articles can be found on SSRN and BePress.

Before joining the faculty, Doris was an attorney with the Washington, D.C. law firms of Arent Fox Kintner Plotkin & Kahn, and Howrey and Simon where she specialized in the areas of intellectual property, unfair competition, antitrust and commercial law.  She currently serves as President of Doris Long Consulting.  A graduate of Cornell Law School, she has also earned a Certificate in Applied Cybersecurity from M.I.T and an Executive Education Certificate in Science, Technology and Innovation Policy from the Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University.  She is fluent in English, Spanish and French, with reading fluency in Italian.